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  • Domino Nicole Diaz

Intellectual Property 101

Updated: Jul 10, 2023

Patent? Copyright? Trademark? All these terms may seem confusing at first, so stick with us as we break down each important aspect. Soon you can be an IP master!


What is it?

  • A Patent is a grant given by the government to inventors/applicants in return for disclosing an invention that provides any technical solution to a problem in any field of human activity which is new, inventive, and industrially applicable.

How long does the protection last?

  • 20 years from the date of filing without renewal


What is it?

  • A registrable utility model is designed to protect innovations that are not sufficiently inventive to meet the inventive threshold required for standard patent applications.

How long does the protection last?

  • 7 years from the date of filing without renewal


What is it?

  • A trademark is a word, a group of words, a sign, a symbol, a logo, or a combination thereof that identifies and differentiates the goods or services of one entity from those of others.

How long does the protection last?

  • 10 years from the date of filing (renewable)


What is it?

  • A right that protects the aesthetic appearance of a product. They protect its form rather than its function.

How long does the protection last?

  • 5 years from the date of filing (extended up to a maximum of 15 years)


What is it?

  • Copyright is the right of the author and related rights holders to their work and related objects. It provided protection to original works of authorship.

How long does the protection last?

  • The lifetime of the Author + 50 years


What is it?

  • Consists of any confidential business information which provides an enterprise a competitive edge.

How long does the protection last?

  • Can be protected for an unlimited period of time.


  1. Download and fill out the registration form:

2. Email the accomplishment form and other requests to

3. Pay the service and filing fees.

4. Wait for the response/eCertificate from IPOPHL through AIPO.

Congratulations, you’re done! Easy right? Now that you know about Intellectual Property 101, you’re one step closer to being an IP master!



World Intellectual Property Office (n.d.). Patents.

World Intellectual Property Office (n.d.). Utility Models.

Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (n.d.). Trademark.

World Intellectual Property Office (n.d.). Industrial Designs.

World Intellectual Property Office (n.d.). Copyright.

World Intellectual Property Office (n.d.). Trade Secrets.


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